Welcome to
Hedgewitch Crafts

Categories and Quick links
  • The Thirteen Goals of a Witch - by Scott Cunningham
  • Thirteen Principles
  • The Witches' Creed
  • Spells & Pouches
  • Sherri's Hedgewitch Story
  • Hedgewitch
  • Horoscope - Current Moon Phase
  • The Advanced Bonewits Cult Danger Evaluation Frame
  • Poisonous Plants and Other Toxic Agents
  • Cleansing Your Ritual Tools
  • Candle Help
    Candles are an important part of magic. Their flame not only helps set the mood but is an excellent tool to help your mind focus and direct its intent. Unfortunately, candles wax is a bane we have all had to deal with; and so I want to share a few tip I have used to make your life a little easier.

    The first time you light a candle it is a good idea to trim the wick to 1/2 of an inch, this keeps the flame from burning to high and hot, and the wax from melting as quickly. When you relighting a candle, take off just a bit of the tip of the wick; in doing this the flame once again will remain small.

    No matter how careful you are at some point you will drop some wax on your clothing, a rug, or an altar cloth. When this happens set your iron on medium, you will not need steam; and then, place a paper towel over waxed area, then set the iron on paper towel. Hold the iron in place for 30 seconds; sometimes you will have to repeat this procedure more than once to remove all of the wax.

    If you want to get more burning time out of your candles, put them into the refrigerator for several hours.

    Birthday candles are great to use instead of matches for lighting bigger candles. Some spells require lighting of candles without matches. Keep a small container 1/2 full of salt to store the birthday candles in on your altar. (Birthday candles are also good for quick spells and travel altars.)

    The colors of candles have similar magical qualities with the color's above - here is a description of candle colors for you that you can use as a guide.
    • White ~ The white candle is the balance of all colors; Spiritual enlightenment, cleansing, clairvoyance, healing, truth seeking; Rituals involving lunar energy may be substituted for any color candle.
    • Green ~ The green candle is the color of ambition, growth, new beginnings, prosperity, fertility, success; stimulates rituals for good luck, money, harmony, and rejuvenation, it can also be greed, and jealousy.
    • Brown ~ The brown candle is an earthly, balanced color; for rituals of materiel increase; eliminates indecisiveness; improves powers of concentration, study, telepathy; increases financial success.
    • Orange ~ The orange candle can be used to promote creativity, the ability to speak one's mind, ambition, career matters and the Law, self-confidence. It is also a solar color.
    • Gold ~ The gold candle helps with understanding and it attracts the powers of cosmic influences; beneficial in rituals intended to bring about fast luck or money, or in rituals needing solar energy.
    • Yellow ~ The yellow candle fosters activity, creativity, unity; brings power of concentration and imagination to a ritual.
    • Pink ~ The pink candle promotes romance, friendship; it is a standard color for rituals to draw affections; a color of femininity, honor and service
    • Red ~ The red candle fosters health, passion, love, fertility, strength, courage, will power; increased magnetism.
    • Purple ~ The purple candle promotes power, success, idealism, psychic manifestations; ideals for rituals to secure ambitions, independence, financial rewards, or to make contact with the spiritual world.
    • Silver ~ The silver candle is for the removal of negativity and encourages stability; helps develop psychic abilities; attracts the influence of the Mother Goddess.
    • Grey ~ The grey candle is a neutral color useful when pondering complex issues during meditation; in magic, this color often sparks confusion; it also negates or neutralizes a negative influence.
    • Blue ~ The blue candle promotes a cool calmness, it is the color or loyalty, or whenever an influence needs to be increased, for rituals to obtain wisdom, harmony, inner light, or peace; confers truth and guidance.
    • Light Blue ~ The light blue candle is a spiritual color; in that, it is helpful in devotional or inspirational meditations; brings peace and tranquility to the home, for rituals to obtain wisdom, harmony, inner light, peace and guidance.
    • Black ~ The black candle can be used to open the deeper levels of the unconscious, or to banish evil or negativity as in uncrossing rituals.
    A Note About Spells
    If you are here looking for spells to affect the will of other people, as in, make someone love you, harm someone, or to attain personal gain at the cost of another. You are in the wrong place. Spells are away of directing "energy" to bring about a positive change in your life. Change can happen in many ways, and may or may not be in the way you expected. Wiccans never perform spells or rituals to harm or affect the will of others. Please do not contact us asking for spells to control the will of others, we will not help you. This is not like on the television, it takes many years of practicing and attuning your abilities.

    Recommended Reading
    There are many books I could recommend on Paganism and Wicca. Many of them can be over whelming for someone new to Wicca. Anyone of these are books I would recommend to start with.
    • Wicca: A Guide For the Solitary Practitioner by Scott Cunningham - This was the first book I was given to read about wicca. Cunningham has published many books on Wicca and magic. His books and style can be applied to just about any pantheon or tradition.
    • The Spiral Dance by Starhawk - Beautifully written and offers exercises in meditation and energy-work.
    • The Old Religion in the New Age by Vivianne Crowley - A good introduction to Alexandrian and Gardnerian Wicca.
    • To Ride A Silver Broomstick by Silver RavenWolf - This book is well organized ans is in an easy-to-follow format, useinf language which is easily understood. Silver RavenWolf�s book has a little bit of everything in it.
    • Drawing Down the Moon by Margot Adler - One of the older books written about the history of Neo-Paganism. Even thought it was publishes in 1979, it seems to be the most complete and accurate account of the history of Neo-Paganism available. Having been written so long ago, it's not entirely up-to-date, but still it surpasses most other books I have in my library.
    Feathers (Never harm a bird for its feathers)
    The magical qualities are determined by their color. Below are the most common color qualities; however, I teach my students their power comes from themselves not the color. I also teach them, different colors mean different things to each person; and so, use the color correlation which works best for them.
    • White ~ Purification, Spirituality, Hope , Protection , Moon Blessings
    • Green ~ Money, Fertility, Growth
    • Brown ~ Health, Stability, Grounding, Home & Hearth
    • Orange ~ Attraction, Energy, Success, Change
    • Yellow ~ Intelligence, Blessings of the Sun, God Energy
    • Red ~ Courage, Good Fortune, Passion, Life
    • Pink ~ Love, Friendship
    • Grey ~ Peace, Neutrality
    • Blue ~ Psychic Awareness, Peace, Health
    • Black feathers ~ Not recommended
    This is a short list of shells. Like the colors of feathers above, use the shells which mean something to you.
    It is your mind in which the spell orignates and the mind of each practitioner is different.
    • Abalone ~ General use~ Use to contain Empowered Herbs and Stones
    • Clam shells ~ Used for Purification & Love, Talisman
    • Conches ~ Love Magic
    • Limpets ~ Courage, Confidence , Physical Strength
    • Oysters ~ Love & Good Fortune
    • Sand dollars ~ Wisdom
    • Scallops ~ Spells for Travel & Movement
    This list is a guide line for the crafting of altars, magic wands, and other spell craft tools created from wood.
    • Balsa ~ Psychic awareness
    • Cedar ~ Healing, purification, protection
    • Cherry ~ Love
    • Ebony ~ Protection
    • Elder ~ Spirituality, protection
    • Eucalyptus ~ Healing
    • Maple ~ Love, Money
    • Oak ~ Strength, Health
    • Pine ~ Money, Healing, Exorcism
    • Walnut ~ Health
    • Willow ~ Psychic Awareness, Blessings of the Moon
    I am placing this list if stones on my site only because I am often asked about the power of stones. Persoanlly I see stones as a "MIND TOOL" only. They are a catalist for ones mind. They have no power of their own only the power my mind gives them.
    • AGATE is a very grounding stone, which helps transform negative energies into positive energy and in reconnecting us with the Earth. It also aids in integration of logic and intuition. It helps to balance yin/yang energies, and enhances connections with our higher spiritual selves.
    • AMAZONITE is a very soothing, calming stone, allowing one to release worries and fears. It aids in communication with loved ones, and is a wonderful stone for clarity and clear thought. Opens creativity and helps one to speak truth.
    • AMBER is used to tap into the power of the Sun, and is good for success, abundance, healing, and happiness. A powerful stone for manifestation, AMBER is also used for healing of the physical body. It carries a negative electrical energy charge and therefore is good to draw power and energy into its bearer. AMBER, usually when combined with JET, is one of the traditional stones of the High Priestess. This stone is calming, a stress reliever, helps with mental clarity, a mood balancer, enhances joy and humor, and helps bring confidence. It helps with detoxification and protection.
    • AMETHYST is a stone of psychic power, enhancing and increasing the abilities of the bearer. It aids in increasing spiritual awareness and helps in the attainment of your spiritual goals. Wear AMETHYST to dispel fear and heighten intuitive powers. It aids in dreaming, dispelling nightmares, protection and helping to break bad habits. It has also been known as the "sobriety stone".
    • ANGELITE regenerates and rejuvenates ill or degenerative areas of the body, enhances creativity. It is excellent for spiritual guidance.
    • APATITE is highly psychic, good for communication and intellect. Helps control weight gain.
    • AQUA AURA is CLEAR QUARTZ which has been dipped in molten gold. The molecules of gold which adhere to the QUARTZ give it its unusual color. Use this stone for creativity, open mindedness, and to respond to chaos with calm.
    • AQUAMARINE is a peaceful, soothing stone, and is good for communication of a higher level (beyond the mundane). It is a gentle and compassionate vibration, and helps us bring order from chaos. It is a "stone of courage" and helps to bring intellectual acuteness, banishes fear, calms nerves and imparts strength and control.
    • AVENTURINE is a soothing, calming stone that invokes peaceful energies. It is also stimulating to creativity, and is used for healing and good luck. Good for abundance, adventures in travel, healing heart and emotions, independence, and career changes.
    • AZURITE-MALACHITE is a wonderful stone for new beginnings, and to assist in release deep inner fears, invoking the child within. It helps us to strengthen our connection with the All, and release conceit and vanity. AZURITE-MALACHITE releases stress and is soothing to the soul.
    • BLACK ONYX is excellent for grounding negativity and releasing stress. BLACK ONYX can be worn for protection, to banish grief, and to encourage happiness and good fortune. It encourages happiness, good fortune and morality.
    • BLACK STAR SAPPHIRE is a very protective stone, and enhances grounding and centering. It relives stress and puts us more in tune with our intuition.
    • BLACK TOURMALINE deflects negativity, calms, grounds, reduces anger, and enhances protective shields.
    • BLOODSTONE has long been called "the stone of the warrior" as it is thought to bring protection to those in dangerous situations. It brings strength tempered by compassion, and assists in the decision making process. Used for childbirth, stopping bleeding, inflammations, balancing emotions, grounding, and neutralizing and eliminating toxins.
    • BLUE GOLDSTONE is used to remind us of the beauty of the night sky, and helps us remember that light is always found within darkness.
    • BLUE LACE AGATE brings us a very spiritually attuned level of communication, both within ourselves and with others. It is said to strengthen sight, diminishes thirst, promotes marital fidelity. Good for treatment of arthritic conditions and strengthening skeletal structures.
    • BLUE TOPAZ stimulates the creative thinking process, and heightens awareness on all levels. It enhances clear communication.
    • BOTSWANA AGATE enhances creativity and abstract thinking, stimulates and energizes the crown chakra.
    • CALCOPYRITE increases memory, concentration, spiritual and physical ability for students.
    • CARNELIAN is a stone of courage, passion and creativity. It helps to increase physical energy and strength, and enhances personal power. CARNELIAN is a stone sacred to Isis. It helps with reproduction, sexuality, menstrual cramps, lungs, asthma, arthritis, creative visualization, and stimulates emotions.
    • CAT'S EYE assists in bringing change and balance into one's life; it allows the bearer to tap into inner knowledge and wisdom.
    • CHRYSOCOLLA eases emotional heartache, PMS, menstrual cramps, asthma, and aids digestion. It balances emotions, and stimulates creativity.
    • CHRYSOPRASE helps balance Yin-Yang energies, activates and opens heart chakra and aids in compassion. It helps to heal a broken heart and promotes fidelity in business and personal affairs.
    • CITRINE is used for wealth, happiness, success, and aids in manifesting on the physical plane what one visualizes or desires. CITRINE is helpful in dissipating harmful energies. It aids in bringing self esteem, joy, clear thinking and activates the solar plexus. As the "merchant's stone", it brings more cash to the cash drawer.
    • DOLOMITE relieves sorrow, and encourages original thinking.
    • DUMORTERITE eliminates stubbornness, brings patience, and stimulates verbalization of spiritual ideas.
    • ELESTIALS helps to overcome emotional burdens, activates memory, contains wisdom and records, increases expanded awareness, and assists in mass cleaning.
    • EMERALD enhances domestic bliss, stimulates heart chakra, increases harmony, fidelity, joy and all healing.
    • EPIDOT strengthens overall health, heart, well-being, energy, courage, and stamina. It enhances that which you attune it to.
    • FLOURITE is used as a calming, centering influence for meditation or for any third eye workings. The "genius stone", it is used to increase concentration and focus the attention, and aids in linear thought and reasoning. It assists in balance while working on computers and is good for the bones.
    • GARNET is a stone of high vitality and energy, and lends vitality and strength, and increasing sensuality. When given as a gift garnet symbolizes true and never-ending love and devotion. GARNET invokes and releases ones creative ability and inner fire. It helps with sexuality, assists in taking action.
    • GREEN ONYX speaks to the heart of happiness, brotherhood, and loving communication. It is a wonderful stone of friendship, and bringer of joy and tranquility.
    • HEMATITE is very grounding and balancing, allowing one to release negativity. It is healing and cleansing for disorders of the blood, and allows one to release harmful emotions. HEMATITE is calming, transforms negativity and aids in high blood pressure, muscle cramping, nervous disorders, and insomnia.
    • INFINITE is known as the "healer's stone". It assists in all areas of the body and a must for those in need of pain relief. It is said to work especially well on bad joints, muscles and connective tissue. It imparts strength through gentleness and tenderness.
    • IOLITE is a wonderful stone for soothing and balancing psychic energies; while enhancing the abilities of the bearer, it also assists in grounding and clearer thought/vision.
    • JADE is said to bring blessings and happiness to its bearer; it is also said to aid in manifesting dreams into reality. JADE is a stone of wisdom, peace, and harmony. It brings health, wealth, and longevity. It promotes emotional balance, courage, wisdom and dreams, and protects from injury and accidents.
    • JASPER is a very nurturing, strengthening stone, and was often worn by Shamans for protection. Its energies bring us motivation, and the courage to accept and flow with transformation or change in our lives. LEOPARD SKIN JASPER is the "supreme nurturer" giving protection during travel and from negativity. It facilitates grounding and safe astral travel. RAINBOW JASPER energizes life force, rejuvenates, promotes unselfishness and gives courage, wisdom and protection from stress. It attracts good fortune. RED JASPER promotes independence, responsibility, progression, and facilitates in remembering dreams. YELLOW JASPER balances the Yin-Yang energy, stabilizes the aura, rejuvenates, gives courage and wisdom, and relieves pain and suffering. ZEBRA JASPER promotes meditation and centering. It relieves stress, increases appreciation for joy of life and stimulates transition to the astral plane.
    • JET is grounding and balancing, and as it carries a negative electrical charge, it is good for drawing power and knowledge to the bearer. JET, usually when combined with AMBER, is one of the traditional stones of the High Priestess.
    • LABRADORITE assists in understand one's destiny and purpose in this life. It taps into the inner knowledge and wisdom, and enhances psychic ability and in understanding the energies and intuitive flashes received from the Cosmos. It also helps to remind us that even in the darkest of times, all colors and lights are still nurtured within us. LABRADORITE magnifies a person's strengths, originality, and relationship with others. It opens energy flow to centers most in need.
    • LAPIS LAZULI assists in communication, and helps to increase wisdom and gain knowledge. A stone associated with Jupiter, it is used for growth, new beginnings, and in all legal matters. LAPIS was considered a sacred stone in Egypt. It is a stone of "total awareness" and activates throat, third eye, and crown chakras. It helps with emotional balancing, PMS, protection, insomnia, dreaming, women's healing, depression, and infections.
    • LEPIDOLITE is a stone of transformation, and used for stress reduction and to encourage beneficial change. It is a wonderful stone to enhance feelings of self love and self worth, and is very stabilizing, both emotionally and physically. LEPIDOLITE contains lithium mica and balances mood swings and helps ground one when scattered. It helps with depression, self-love, trust, and stability.
    • MAGNESITE helps with motivation, visualization, grounds intellect, cell purification, convulsions, bones and teeth, and helps lessen PMS.
    • MALACHITE is tremendous as a healing stone, and is also good for money, love, and centering & balancing. Use it to open your heart to others, and to create energy of prosperity around you. MALACHITE helps to clear emotional blocks, eyesight, absorbs negativity, digestion, diabetes, hypoglycemia, fidelity, and eases childbirth.
    • MOONSTONE is a stone of Goddess energy, and has a soothing, calming energy. It can be used for all lunar workings and brings balance and harmony with the All. It helps with balancing, connecting with feelings, emotional tension, PMS, menopause, insomnia, and dreaming. A good "traveler's stone". PEACH or PINK MOONSTONE, with its soothing, calming energy, is a wonderful stone for improve one's image and sense of self-worth. GREY MOONSTONE brings an easing of frustration, and lends a greater ability to flow and move in harmony. RAINBOW MOONSTONE can be used to invoke the power of the Moon, as well as for intuition, inner wisdom, and knowledge. It vibrates with feminine wisdom and with Goddess energy. The Rainbow effect invokes a spectrum of light, and is very cleansing and uplifting.
    • MORION is a naturally dark crystal, not blackened by mankind's tampering. At some point during the growth of the crystal, it blackened from exposure to natural radiation. (these crystals are not radioactive and are safe to carry). Use them for their protective qualities, and to draw in and hold energy and information. They are also good for working with the "darker" forces of nature, such as the Crone aspect of the Goddess.
    • MOSS AGATE works to balance the emotions, heal the heart and enhance positive outlook. It can also be used to enhance plant growth and to grow wealth. It improves the ego and self-esteem, and strengthens positive personality traits. It promotes agreeability and persuasiveness.
    • OPALS are used the help release inhibitions and promote spontaneous action. They invoke faithfulness and loyalty in relationships, and bring opportunities for growth. OPAL is also used to enhance psychic ability and awareness.
    • PEARLS are associated with the moon and Lunar energies, and have long been worn to bring favor from Isis. They are soothing, calming, and bring inner peace to the bearer.
    • PERIDOT brings a happy, friendly energy, and aids in forming friendships and friendly bonds. It lessens anger and jealousy, bringing inner peace. As a healing stone, it strengthens and regenerates the body.
    • PETRIFIED WOOD brings a connection to Earth and Nature. It rids one of petty annoyances, provides strength, grounding, and insight. It is a powerful meditation stone.
    • CLEAR QUARTZ has been said to amplify, focus, stores energy and information. It can be used for healing, meditation, setting up shields or wards, to banish harmful energies, and to enhance the aura. It transmits thoughts and energy, amplifies thoughts and intentions, and helps focus energy. PHANTOM QUARTZ brings universal awareness, past lives insight, and emotional healing.
    • RAINBOW OBSIDIAN, the "stone of pleasure", enlightens one's life with light and love. A good "gazing" tool for love interests and relationships.
    • RHODOCROSITE, the "stone of love and balance" stimulates energies of the body toward maintaining good health. It promotes emotional balancing that provides stability to the mind.
    • RHODONITE is a stone of abiding love and inner balance, and helps us to become more aware of our purpose in the Cosmos. It also enhances the ability to grasp and understand new concepts and teachings. The "heart stone", it calms and feeds the soul through the heart. It promotes self-assuredness, helps one achieve greatest potential and relieves heartache, stress, and loss.
    • ROSE QUARTZ is a soothing, calming stone. It is used for love, and to increase self love and feelings of self worth. It is clearing and healing to the heart. It balances yin-yang energies and heals emotional wounds. The "stone of gentle love" promotes peace, nurturing, balances emotions and helps in skin and cell rejuvenation.
    • RUBY brings courage, strength, and personal power, and shields and protects the wearer. It brings clarity of mind and true action from the heart.
    • RUBY ZOISITE is a powerful protective stone, setting up a "grid" like energy field that repels negativity and brings inner security. It also creates a "bridge" of communication between the conscious thinking mind and the infinite subconscious All, assisting in the discovery of enhancement of innate talents and abilities.
    • RUTILATED QUARTZ helps one take action. It stabilizes relationships, mental processes and dispels interference. Good for activating and energizing.
    • SAPPHIRE energies work to stimulate the throat chakra and third eye, assisting in matters of communication and clear thought. Associated with Jupiter, it also can be used for growth, expansion, and new beginnings.
    • SERPENTINE renders assistance to disorders in all areas of the body, the emotional system, and mental structure.
    • SILVER is considered a psychic metal, enhancing and empowering the psychic abilities of the bearer. It is also considered to be protective, calming, and to have money-drawing vibrations. SILVER as a metal is associated with Lunar energies.
    • SMOKEY QUARTZ is a very grounding and balancing stone, reconnecting us with the Earth and her strength and stability. It collects scattered energies, dissolves negative energies, and emotional blockages. The "stone of cooperation", it helps with protection.
    • SNOWFLAKE OBSIDIAN is a stone of balance and inner harmony; it teaches us that light if found within any darkness. Gently grounding and balancing, this stone helps to lift depression, release negativity, and banish negative emotions.
    • SODALITE brings us a clear understanding of the truth in matters, and an awareness of the bigger picture of cosmic intent behind actions. It is used for communication, especially in groups or gatherings. SODALITE stabilizes mental and emotional processes, PMS, cramps, clears old patterns, migraines and headaches, and promotes wisdom.
    • SUGALITE assists in connecting the spiritual world to the physical plane. It enhances self confidence, and is used in healing on cancer patients.
    • SUNSTONE is used to encourage a sense of independence, dispel fear, and to increase energy. In ancient Greece, it represented the Sun God, bringing vitality and happiness to those who wore it.
    • TANZANITE is a stone of high magic, bringing personal power and the Will into balance in the act of manifestation of desires. It is used for communication with the spirit world, and can assist in decision making that invokes the intuitive powers of the Higher Self.
    • TEKTITE stimulates communication and is a thought amplifier. It promotes wisdom through life experiences and helps prevent emotional scars.
    • TIGER EYE brings us strength, courage, and passion; it has long been used to increase wealth and power on the physical plane. It aids in practicality and allows for a greater awareness of personal freedom. It sharpens perception, focus and clarity. Increases self awareness, balances and brings prosperity, discipline for sexual and emotional life, bringing "light" where practicality is needed.
    • TOURMALATED QUARTZ, a very powerful combination of CLEAR QUARTZ and BLACK TOURMALINE. BLACK TOURMALINE is an excellent protective stone, Its action strengthens and amplifies energy sent at it, and then returns it to its back to its sender, much like a mirror spell. The natural amplification qualities of CLEAR QUARTZ only heighten this effect. It helps to clear, maintain, and stimulate each of the body's energy centers. It promotes inspiration, understanding and self-confidence.
    • TOURMALINE brings us balance, understanding, and inner strength; it can also be used to open one's awareness to the spiritual world. It can be used to attract success and prosperity and in matters of the heart.
    • BLACK TOURMALINE deflects and grounds negativity, reduces anxiety, depression, and increases vitality. It is a protective stone. Its action strengthens and amplifies energy sent at it, and then returns it, much like a mirror spell.
    • TURQUOISE is a wonderful stone for any traveler; certain Native American tribes used it for protection when traveling. It is also a stone of communication, happiness, and spirituality.
    • UNAKITE balances the emotional body, aligns with spirituality, and stimulates healthy pregnancies.
    The Wicca Reed
    Bide within the Law you must, in perfect Love and perfect Trust.
    Live you must and let to live, fairly take and fairly give.
    For tread the Circle thrice about to keep unwelcome spirits out.
    To bind the spell well every time, let the spell be said in rhyme.
    Light of eye and soft of touch, speak you little, listen much.
    Honor the Old Ones in deed and name,
    let love and light be our guides again.
    Deosil go by the waxing moon, chanting out the joyful tune.
    Widdershins go when the moon doth wane,
    and the werewolf howls by the dread wolfsban.
    When the Lady's moon is new, kiss the hand to Her times two.
    When the moon rides at her peak then your heart's desire seek.
    Heed the North winds mighty gale, lock the door and trim the sail.
    When the Wind blows from the East, expect the new and set the feast.
    When the wind comes from the South, love will kiss you on the mouth.
    When the wind whispers from the West, all hearts will find peace and rest.
    Nine woods in the Cauldron go, burn them fast and burn them slow.
    Birch in the fire goes to represent what the Lady knows.
    Oak in the forest towers with might, in the fire it brings the God's
    insight. Rowan is a tree of power causing life and magic to flower.
    Willows at the waterside stand ready to help us to the Summerland.
    Hawthorn is burned to purify and to draw faerie to your eye.
    Hazel-the tree of wisdom and learning adds its strength to the bright fire burning.
    White are the flowers of Apple tree that brings us fruits of fertility.
    Grapes grow upon the vine giving us both joy and wine.
    Fir does mark the evergreen to represent immortality seen.
    Elder is the Lady's tree burn it not or cursed you'll be.
    Four times the Major Sabbats mark in the light and in the dark.
    As the old year starts to wane the new begins, it's now Samhain.
    When the time for Imbolc shows watch for flowers through the snows.
    When the wheel begins to turn soon the Beltane fires will burn.
    As the wheel turns to Lamas night power is brought to magic rite.
    Four times the Minor Sabbats fall use the Sun to mark them all.
    When the wheel has turned to Yule light the log the Horned One rules.
    In the spring, when night equals day time for Ostara to come our way.
    When the Sun has reached its height time for Oak and Holly to fight.
    Harvesting comes to one and all when the Autumn Equinox does fall.
    Heed the flower, bush, and tree by the Lady blessed you'll be.
    Where the rippling waters go cast a stone, the truth you'll know.
    When you have and hold a need, harken not to others greed.
    With a fool no season spend or be counted as his friend.
    Merry Meet and Merry Part bright the cheeks and warm the heart.
    Mind the Three-fold Laws you should three times bad and three times good.
    When misfortune is now wear the star upon your brow.
    Be true in love this you must do unless your love is false to you.
    These Eight words the Rede fulfill:
    "An Ye Harm None, Do What Ye Will"
    Cross Roads Coven
    Cross Roads Coven has opened its arms to new members in the form of an Open Grove.
    Our focus will for the most part be on study. I will be teaching ritual magic, ritual construction, and personal growth and transformation, while seeking a more intimate relationship with nature. We are primarily a teaching Grove, with hopes of growing into a larger working coven. The group will start out on the eclectic side, but as time passes grow into itself.
    Please feel free to contact Sherri@HedgewitchCrafts.com for more information or if you are interest in joining the grove.
    Four students of the last class have asked and been accepted, to continue learning in the form of a Closed Grove. We look forward to this spring when we will celebrate with four new members of Cross Roads Coven.
    During my first class with new students, I give them the following scale of measure for a teacher, coven, grove or group based on The Advanced Bonewits� Cult Danger Evaluation Frame.
    The Advanced Bonewits� Cult Danger Evaluation Frame
    Factors:  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10 
    Low High
    1. Internal Control: Amount of internal political and social power exercised by leader(s) over members; lack of clearly defined organizational rights for members.
      1 _________________________
    2. External Control: Amount of external political and social influence desired or obtained; emphasis on directing members� external political and social behavior.
      2 _________________________
    3. Wisdom/Knowledge Claimed by leader(s); amount of infallibility declared or implied about decisions or doctrinal/scriptural interpretations; number and degree of unverified and/or unverifiable credentials claimed.
      3 _________________________
    4. Wisdom/Knowledge Credited to leader(s) by members; amount of trust in decisions or doctrinal/scriptural interpretations made by leader(s); amount of hostility by members towards internal or external critics and/or towards verification efforts.
      4 _________________________
    5. Dogma: Rigidity of reality concepts taught; amount of doctrinal inflexibility or �fundamentalism;� hostility towards relativism and situationalism.
      5 _________________________
    6. Recruiting: Emphasis put on attracting new members; amount of proselytizing; requirement for all members to bring in new ones.
      6 _________________________
    7. Front Groups: Number of subsidiary groups using different names from that of main group, especially when connections are hidden.
      7 _________________________
    8. Wealth: Amount of money and/or property desired or obtained by group; emphasis on members� donations; economic lifestyle of leader(s) compared to ordinary members.
      8 _________________________
    9. Sexual Manipulation of members by leader(s) of non-tantric groups; amount of control exercised over sexuality of members in terms of sexual orientation, behavior, and/or choice of partners.
      9 _________________________
    10. Sexual Favoritism: Advancement or preferential treatment dependent upon sexual activity with the leader(s) of non-tantric groups.
      10 _________________________
    11. Censorship: Amount of control over members� access to outside opinions on group, its doctrines or leader(s).
      11 _________________________
    12. Isolation: Amount of effort to keep members from communicating with non-members, including family, friends and lovers.
      12 _________________________
    13. Dropout Control: Intensity of efforts directed at preventing or returning dropouts.
      13 _________________________
    14. Violence: Amount of approval when used by or for the group, its doctrines or leader(s).
      14 _________________________
    15. Paranoia: Amount of fear concerning real or imagined enemies; exaggeration of perceived power of opponents; prevalence of conspiracy theories.
      15 _________________________
    16. Grimness: Amount of disapproval concerning jokes about the group, its doctrines or its leader(s).
      16 _________________________
    17. Surrender of Will: Amount of emphasis on members not having to be responsible for personal decisions; degree of individual disempowerment created by the group, its doctrines or its leader(s).
      17 _________________________
    18. Hypocrisy: amount of approval for actions which the group officially considers immoral or unethical, when done by or for the group, its doctrines or leader(s); willingness to violate the group�s declared principles for political, psychological, social, economic, military, or other gain.
      18 _________________________
    Factors:  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10 
    Low High
    Ritual Bath Salts
    There are a couple of ways to use bath salts. The first is the most common and most often spoken about in pagan gatherings. It is to add the salts to a bath of warm water. Settle yourself into the salted water, close your eyes and imagine negative energy leaving your body and entering the water. The dissolved bath salt goes down the drain with the water when the bath is finished.
    The second way is the way I teach my students. Before you take a shower add a table spoon of bath salts to a bowl of warm water. State the intent of the ritual bath as you stir the bath salts with your finger, quickening its dissolving. While you shower the bath salts continue to dissolve into the water. When you are clean and rinsed off, take the bowl of dissolved bath salts into the shower with you, gently trickle the water all over you, starting at your head, going down to your feet. In this way you are changing the vibrations instead of soaking in used bath water.
    The Thirteen Goals of a Witch - by Scott Cunningham
    1. Know Thyself
    2. Know Thy Craft
    3. Learn, Knowledge is Power
    4. Apply Knowledge with Wisdom
    5. Achieve balance in your life and everything around you
    6. Keep your words in good order - negativity breeds negativity -
    7. Keep your thoughts in good order
    8. Celebrate life and all the stages of it
    9. Attune with the cycles of the Earth and Moon
    10. Breathe and eat correctly
    11. Exercise the body as well as the spirit
    12. Meditate everyday
    13. Honor the Goddess and God
    Ritual Bath Salts
    There are a couple of ways to use bath salts. The first is the most common and most often spoken about in pagan gatherings. It is to add the salts to a bath of warm water. Settle yourself into the salted water, close your eyes and imagine negative energy leaving your body and entering the water. The dissolved bath salt goes down the drain with the water when the bath is finished.
    The second way is the way I teach my students. Before you take a shower add a table spoon of bath salts to a bowl of warm water. State the intent of the ritual bath as you stir the bath salts with your finger, quickening its dissolving. While you shower the bath salts continue to dissolve into the water. When you are clean and rinsed off, take the bowl of dissolved bath salts into the shower with you, gently trickle the water all over you, starting at your head, going down to your feet. In this way you are changing the vibrations instead of soaking in used bath water.
    The Thirteen Goals of a Witch - by Scott Cunningham
    1. Know Thyself
    2. Know Thy Craft
    3. Learn, Knowledge is Power
    4. Apply Knowledge with Wisdom
    5. Achieve balance in your life and everything around you
    6. Keep your words in good order - negativity breeds negativity -
    7. Keep your thoughts in good order
    8. Celebrate life and all the stages of it
    9. Attune with the cycles of the Earth and Moon
    10. Breathe and eat correctly
    11. Exercise the body as well as the spirit
    12. Meditate everyday
    13. Honor the Goddess and God
    Magic is the use of natural energies to bring about needed change. Listed here are some herbs and their associations.
    1. LOVE: Cube berries, orris root, spikenard, vanillin, vervain, violet flowers, laurel, Adam and Eve root, Beth root, horse chestnut, thus thus, ladies thumb, lavender, lotus, lovage, magnolia, mistletoe, passion flower, patchouli leaves, lesser periwinkle, queen Elizabeth root, quassia chips, rose buds, herba mate, sweet bugle, skullcap, rose hips, orange blossoms, five-finger grass, heratease herb.
    2. PASSION: Myrtle, absinthe, aloes, cloves, darniana, dill seed, coriander, dulse herb, sweet basil, juniper berries, saw palmetto berries, Canada snake root, fennel seed, grains of paradise, satyrion root, snake root, verbena root, liquorice stick herb, patchouli leaves.
    3. MONEY: Buckeye, clover, fenugreek, high John the Conqueror root, low John the Conqueror root, nutmeg, marjoram, ruler's root, smart weed, tonka been, thyme, bayberry herb, echinacea, five-finger grass, Guinea paradise seeds, Irish moss, kelp, lemon verbena, scented lucky beans, silver weed, comfrey, colts foot, black snake root, rattlesnake root.
    4. LUCK: Alfalfa, angel's turnip, ash tree leaves, basil, blessed thistle, camomile, galangal root, grains of paradise, mustard seed, peony, yellow dock, wonder of the world root, Jezebel root, May apple (mandrake) root, little John chew, tonka beans, Irish moss, queen of the meadow root, quince seeds, parsley, five-finger grass, swiss leaves, silver weed, seven barks, sacred bark, John the conqueror root, four leaf clover, Jamaica ginger root, rosemary, sumbul root.
    5. SUCCESS: Cinnamon, yellow dock, squill root, John the conqueror root, silver weed, Jezebel root, prince's pine, red clover, buckeye, Irish moss, five-finger grass, elm bark, thus thus, May apple (mandrake) root, scented lucky beans, tonka beans, sweet flag root, vervain leaves, golden seal herb.
    6. HEALTH: Vervain, thyme, sassafras leaves (and root), peppermint, horehound, hops, eucalyptus, fever few, asafoetida, catnip, dandelion leaves, sarsaparilla, life everlasting, holy herbs, heal-all herb, golden seal herb, betony, hyssop, pumpkin seed.
    7. PROTECTION FROM EVIL: Vetivert, bold leaves, mandrake root, garlic, snake head, gilead buds (balm of), stone root, basil leaves, bay leaves, asafoetida, quince seeds, lucky hand root, five-finger grass, dragon's blood reed, blood root, brimstone, frankincense, high John the conqueror root, sacred bark, Saint John's wort, African ginger root, black cohosh, grape vine, fern, rattlesnake root, plant of peace, wolf bane root, caraway seed.
    8. CURSING: Balmony root, blueberry, cruel man of the woods, Guinea pepper, knot grass, black mustard seed, pepper tree leaves, poke root, poppy seed, rue, tormentillia, twich's grass, valerian, wormwood, chicory root, flaxseed, jimson weed, mullein, red chincona bark, skunk cabbage root, yohimbee root, pepperwort.
    9. PSYCHIC & SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT: Five-Finger grass, anise seed, burning bush, celery seed, lemon balm, gotu kola, mugwort, acacia, marjoram, parsley, cinnamon, mint, thyme, sage, rosemary, frankincense, bethel root, buchu leaves, bugle weed, calendula flowers, eye bright herb.
    How to Use Charcoal
    Self-Lighting Charcoal is necessary for burning resin incense.
    Remove tablet from sealed roll and place charcoal, in abalone shell, censer, or other "fire proof" dish. You will notice there are rounded side and side with an indent. Place the round side down and the indented side up. Think of the indented side as a pocket for the incense to go.

    Light the edge of the tablet with a match or taper. I often use one of those long lighters I would use to light the grill if it would go out as the charcoal does not catch on fire the first instant you put it to flame.

    Hold the flame to the edge of the charcoal until it begins to sparkle. The sparkling will continue across the charcoal, I usually continue until I see the charcoal begin to turn a little grey. I also find it easier to be holding the charcoal rather than trying to light it in the dish, in this way it has air flowing all around it and the flame gets to move freely around it as well. (Do not hold it with your fingers!) You can either purchase something to hold it or you can do what I did when I first started, I used an old pair of tweezers. Or something else fire proof that will get your fingers far away from the flames and heat.

    You may fan the tablet a little to get it good and hot, or blow softly against the small grey area.

    When you think it is going good place it in a fire proof dish. You can purchase one special for this or you can use one that is heat resistant and put sand in the bottom to absorb the heat from the charcoal.

    Now take a small amount of either burning herbs or resin to begin with, (They say, 1/4 teaspoon to 1 teaspoon, and pour onto the lit cake of charcoal.); however, If you are new to this you might want to try less, some resins like Dragon’s blood smoke a lot and others are very powerful.

    The incense will burn/melt and smoke releasing its scent into the air. These will burn for several minutes and then you may add more if you wish.
    If the ashes start to give off an unpleasant odor, take a metal spoon or knife and scrape off any residue before adding more material. Tweezers work well for moving the tablet around INSIDE the censer.

    The tablet should be left to burn out and cool in the censer. To extinguish a tablet before it has fully cooled quench in a container of cold water.

    PLEASE NOTE: When the tablet is lit, do not handle it as it WILL cause a burn. Charcoal can burn at up to 1500 degrees F. and may burn up to an hour before burning out. Do not dispose of the ash remains in a waste paper bin as this may cause a fire. Do not hold the tablet in your hand when lighting or burning. This product ignites instantly. ALWAYS make sure the tablet is extinguished, before disposing of it.
    The Witches' Creed
    From Doreen Valiente's, "Witchcraft For Tomorrow"
    Hear now the words of the witches,
    The secrets we hid in the night,
    When dark was our destiny's pathway,
    That now we bring forth into light.
    Mysterious water and fire,
    The earth and the wide-ranging air,
    By hidden quintessence we know them,
    And will and keep silent and dare.
    The birth and rebirth of all nature,
    The passing of winter and spring,
    We share with the life universal,
    Rejoice in the magical ring.
    Four times in the year the Great Sabbat
    Returns, and the witches are seen
    At Lammas and Candlemas dancing,
    On May Eve and old Hallowe'en.
    When day-time and night-time are equal,
    When sun is at greatest and least,
    The four Lesser Sabbats are summoned,
    And Witches gather in feast.
    Thirteen silver moons in a year are,
    Thirteen is the coven's array.
    Thirteen times at Esbat make merry,
    For each golden year and a day.
    The power that was passed down the age,
    Each time between woman and man,
    Each century unto the other,
    Ere time and the ages began.
    When drawn is the magical circle,
    By sword or athame of power,
    Its compass between two worlds lies,
    In land of the shades for that hour.
    This world has no right then to know it.
    And world of beyond will tell naught.
    The oldest of Gods are invoked there,
    The Great Work of magic is wrought.
    For the two are mystical pillars,
    That stand at the gate of the shrine,
    And two are the powers of nature,
    The forms and the forces divine.
    The dark and the light in succession,
    The opposites each unto each,
    Shown forth as a God and a Goddess:
    Of this our ancestors teach.
    By night he's the wild winds rider,
    The Horn'd One, the Lord of the Shades.
    By day he's the King of the Woodland,
    The dweller in green forest glades.
    She is youthful or old as she pleases,
    She sails the torn clouds in her barque,
    The bright silver lady of midnight,
    The crone who weaves spells in the dark.
    The master and mistress of magic,
    That dwell in the deeps of the mind,
    Immortal and ever-renewing,
    With power to free or to bind.
    So drink the good wine to the Old Gods,
    And Dance and make love in their praise,
    Till Elphame's fair land shall receive us
    In peace at the end of our days.
    And Do What You Will be the challenge,
    So be it Love that harms none,
    For this is the only commandment.
    By Magic of old, be it done!
    By: Andie Gilmour
    Posted: March 13, 2001
    Fifty sure-fire ways to detect paganism without having to resort to a dunking stool or wart-inspection.
    1. Never puts any rubbish out on refuse-collection day. I mean, re-cycling and composting is fine, but you can take it too far.
    2. You casually ask what phase the moon is in, and she tells you down to the exact number of days, hour and minute of rising, position on horizon, and current angle of declination.
    3. All the stray cats in the neighbourhood tend to congregate in her garden (and use your own as their litter).
    4. A screech owl has chosen the lamp-post outside her house as its favorite calling-post. That's just when it's getting warm at night and you like to sleep with the window open.
    5. Doesn't cut down the weeds in her garden; in fact it looks more like she's cultivating them. Needless to say, you get the seeds wafting over onto your pristine lawn.
    6. Most of her clothes on the washing line are black.
    7. The local kids talk in whispers as they go past her house, then start running at the last moment.
    8. Nobody trick-or-treats her house; not after the incident when the kids' costumes were less scary than hers when she opened the door to them. (She was embracing the Crone that year no doubt!)
    9. Footprints on the roof. And the trees in her flight-path have been pruned down. I swear it's true!
    10. She can't even make a simple sandwich without adding fresh herbs to it. And don't ask her for a cup of tea unless you want something yellow coloured and smelling of flowers.
    11. She hardly ever gets junk mail. You ask her what her secret is and she confides that she returns it to sender after writing something on in strange curly writing.
    12. When you pop next door for a chat, the kettle is always already on.
    13. The Jehovah's Witnesses never call (not anymore; not after the last time :-).
    14. Keeps the local scented-candle shop solvent.
    15. Has a pond full of frogs (and you haven't seen that bothersome double-glazing salesman around for a while).
    16. She's always smiling, darn her!
    17. She goes dressed as normal to a Hallowe'en fancy dress party; and wins first prize.
    18. Her house always smells of incense.
    19. Has named her four cats Hecate, Kali, Diana, and Moonbeam. (Or her rats Devon and Cornwall)
    20. Her bumper sticker reads "I brake for toads".
    21. Frequently gets raided by the drug squad who confiscate large amounts of dried green leaves; they always return them with apologies after analysis.
    22. At Christmas, it seems like half the garden has been moved into the house.
    23. You sometimes hear the sound of singing and dancing through the wall. If you look out of the window, it is usually a full moon.
    24. She was given a bodhram drum for her birthday. And she plays it at midnight in the fields. And she's got a blasted tamborine.
    25. You discover that her realistic resin skull ornament in her living room, actually is real.
    26. You catch her washing a crystal ball along with the dishes.
    27. She wears a lot of silver jewelry, even when doing the gardening. And bat ear-rings for goodness-sake.
    28. You knock on her door and she answers it naked except for a toweling robe. You apologize for disturbing her in the bath, but notice that her hair isn't wet.
    29. Irritating tendency to hum a lot. What's she got to be so happy about, huh?
    30. She has a tame robin that will eat from her hand in the garden. That can't be natural.
    31. Never catches a cold, even though she walks barefoot most of the time. In the snow as well.
    32. Doesn't kill spiders. Not even big hairy long-legged ones that suddenly appear from the waste-pipe whilst you're having a bath.
    33. She listens to what you are saying like she really cares.
    34. She has lots of female friends who come round every few months. When you ask what they get up to, she tells you that they just have cakes and ale and a good natter.
    35. You catch her hugging a tree.
    36. Her dinner-set is decorated with Celtic patterns.
    37. She has a mail-order account with a semi-precious gem wholesaler.
    38. You notice that the parish priest crosses himself whenever he walks past her house.
    39. She never watches television. And she has shelves full of books with black spines and silver-lettered titles.
    40. To your certain knowledge she has never set foot in the local church. In fact, you have heard rumours that she has been barred from it.
    41. She makes jars of quince and mandrake relish for the Women's Institute coffee morning jumble sale.
    42. You ask to borrow a pack of cards for an impromptu bridge evening, and there are 78 in the pack.
    43. You have never known her to visit her GP.
    44. When you talk with her, she maintains eye contact all the time.
    45. Expectant mothers are forever visiting her. Also women who become expectant mothers a month after visiting her.
    46. You ask her for suggestions for nice walks in the area, and they all go by way of stone circles and strange earth mounds.
    47. She only buys organic. And you just bet that she's a vegetarian as well. (Well, maybe not stricly vegetarian....)
    48. When you ask her about her vacation plans, she tells you she will be camping in a tee-pee in the Brecon Beacons.
    49. There aren't any mirrors in her house. Or clocks.
    50. She tells you that she is coming out of the broom closet, joins Witches' Voice, and erects a stained-glass pentacle window in her front door . Ooo what a give-away!
    All spells of a constructive nature should be performed when the moon is bright, waxing to full. These would include healing, spells designed to bring luck or success, fertility rites and charms, protection, counter magic, and divination.
    All spells of a destructive or banishing nature should be performed when the moon is dark, waning to new. These would include banishment of negativity, binding, certain works of necromancy, and agricultural magic designed to ward off pests and disease.
    Spell Pouches
    • A white pouch can be used for Spiritual enlightenment, cleansing, clairvoyance, healing, truth seeking; Rituals involving lunar energy' May be substituted for any color.
    • A yellow pouch can be used with spell fostering activity, creativity, unity; brings power of concentration and imagination to a ritual.
    • A gold pouch can be used in a spell to attract the powers of cosmic influences; beneficial in rituals intended to bring about fast luck or money, or in rituals needing solar energy.
    • An orange pouch can be used in a spell to promote creativity, the ability to speak one's mind, ambition, career matters and the Law, self-confidence. It is also a solar color.
    • A pink pouch can be used in a spell for romance, friendship; it is a standard color for rituals to draw affections; a color of femininity, honor and service
    • A red pouch can be used in a spell to foster health, passion, love, fertility, strength, courage, will power; increased magnetism
    • A silver pouch can be used in a spell for the removal of negativity and encourages stability; helps develop psychic abilities; attracts the influence of the Mother Goddess.
    • A purple pouch can be used in a spell which promotes power, success, idealism, psychic manifestations; ideals for rituals to secure ambitions, independence, financial rewards, or to make contact with the spiritual world.
    • A brown pouch can be used in a spell of materiel increase; eliminates indecisiveness; improves powers of concentration, study, telepathy; increases financial success.
    • A blue pouch can be used in a spell to promote a cool calmness, loyalty, or whenever an influence needs to be increased, for rituals to obtain wisdom, harmony, inner light, or peace; confers truth and guidance.
    • A light blue pouch can be used in a spell for inspirational meditations, peace and tranquility to the home, for rituals to obtain wisdom, harmony, inner light, peace and guidance.
    • A green pouch can be used in a spell for ambition, growth, new beginnings, prosperity, fertility, success; stimulates rituals for good luck, money, harmony, and rejuvenation.
    • A grey pouch is a neutral color and is useful when negates or neutralizes a negative influence.
    • A black pouch can be used to to banish evil or negativity as in uncrossing rituals.
    Sherri's Hedgewitch Story
    The description of a "Hedgewitch" below was writte by Sally Morningstar.
    Here is a brief story of how I first learned there was a word for how I felt and saw the world. Like so many others I searched many religions seeking a place which would feel like home. I was lucky and found a Tradition, where I seemed to fit nicely. There were differences, but it felt right. There was a great celebration as the Crone of the Tradition had come to visit. She met with each new person one at a time, discerning their worth as only a Crone can do. It was my turn, she asked many questions. I don�t remember any of the questions or my answers, all I remember is a blur of color and sound. At the end of my time with her, she proclaimed me to be a Hedgewitch. That word at the time, seemed like a terrible word. I was sure it was something horrid. I came out of the room in tears sure I would have to leave. It was when I told my High Priestess what the Crone had said, I learned what the term Hedgewitch was.
    I don�t embrace every word or practice, written below. I placed this page on my site because this description fits who I am closer then I have had words to say myself.
    The term hedgewitch derives from original German and is a phrase that means 'rider of the hedge'. In the old days, these people lived on the edges of the community, were practical in their service to society, and lived by herbs, nature, prophecy and divination as well as magic and healing. The hedgewitch practical approach to serving his/her community would have been through midwifery, healing, protection, house blessings and crop and livestock preservation. The hedgewitch was respected because of these abilities. They held certain powers because of their close relationship to nature and the magical world. It is highly likely the hedgewitch of old would have used intoxicating herbs for visions and journeys in order to access information from the spirits, which were so much a part of life in ancient days. Magic is everywhere - it is simply a question of knowing how to see it!
    This ability they had (and still do) to stand in both this world and the spirit world was another reason they lived 'on the edge' of society. The isolation and the hedge too, provided a barrier between the community and their world; and so, provided a level of protection from nosy passers-by.
    They tend to be solitary people and therefore would choose not to join a coven, or other religious group, although there is no rule which says they can't. They have no loyalty to any particular practice, except their own unique personal blend of magic founded in both worlds. They do things their way, as it feels right for them within their highly developed intuitive nature. They are like the cunning folk or wise people of our past, often irreverent of the set ways of others, shamanic, deep, different and unique. But above all the hedgewitch is wise - for as understanding of nature grows, so wisdom grows also.
    Hedgewitchcraft is not part of any religion - it is free of all dogma and doctrine.
    Hedgewitchcraft, today, is generally associated just with witchcraft and seen as part of the same belief system although this is not strictly correct. Historically, it was not just associated with witchcraft, one can be from any religion or from a totally non-religious background and still be a hedgewitch. The main distinction between a hedgewitch and more 'traditional' witchcraft is a hedgewitch has no deep desire for the more religious-ceremonial aspects of a coven, having an individual and often unique way of relating to life and creation.
    Hedgewitchcraft is deeply rooted in nature - it teaches many things as a result.
    To me it is one of the sacred paths because it teaches wisdom.
    There are many, many people today who gather knowledge in order to gain acknowledgement, prestige, or status. It is a kind of spiritual materialism. There are no such arrogant states in hedgewitchcraft. The blessing ways of this wise path are won, are achieved through practical dedication, through development of the self and with the attitude of a spiritual warrior to evolve and thus claim the real magical powers, known only to the wisest.
    Know Thyself!
    Since the most ancient of days we have been guided by the wisest of teachers to "Know Thyself!" Hedgewitchcraft is one of the wise paths offering just this. The ancient wisdom teachings leading us back to the heart, to the real, to the true, to the simple, the sweet and of course, to the wisdom. Only when we are able to embody the magic do we receive the magic! Only when we have made ourselves ready and worthy are the real magical secrets revealed to us. There is an old and wise saying "The truth need not be hidden, for it veils itself from the eyes of the ignorant." If you seek the truth, seek to lift the veils of your ignorance, know the only way is to open fully and consciously to yourself first.
    (Version 2.6)
    Copyright � 1979, 2001, 2004 c.e., Isaac Bonewits
    Events in the last several decades have clearly indicated just how dangerous some religious and secular groups (usually called �cults� by those opposed to them) can be to their own members as well as to anyone else whom they can influence. �Brainwashing,� beatings, child abuse, rapes, murders, mass suicides, military drilling and gunrunning, meddling in civil governments, international terrorism, and other crimes have been charged against leaders and members of many groups, and in far too many cases those accusations have been correct. None of this has been very surprising to historians of religion or to other scholars of what are usually labeled �new� religions (no matter how old they may be in their cultures of origin). Minority groups, especially religious ones, are often accused of crimes by members of the current majority. In many ways, for example, the �Mormons� were the �Moonies� of the 19th century � at least in terms of being an unusual minority belief system that many found �shocking� at the time � and the members of the Unification Church could be just as �respectable� a hundred years from now as the Latter Day Saints are today.
    Nonetheless, despite all the historical and philosophical warnings that could be issued, ordinary people faced with friends or loved ones joining an �unusual� group, or perhaps contemplating joining one themselves, need a relatively simple way to evaluate just how dangerous or harmless a given group is liable to be, without either subjecting themselves to its power or judging it solely on theological or ideological grounds (the usual method used by anti-cult groups).
    In 1979 I constructed an evaluation tool which I now call the �Advanced Bonewits� Cult Danger Evaluation Frame� or the �ABCDEF� (because evaluating these groups should be elementary). A copy was included in that year�s revised edition of my book, Real Magic. I realize its shortcomings, but feel that it can be effectively used to separate harmless groups from the merely unusual-to-the-observer ones. Feedback from those attempting to use the system has always been appreciated. Indirect feedback, in terms of the number of places on and off the Net this ABCDEF has shown up, has been mostly favorable. For example, it was chosen by and is now displayed on the website of the Institute for Social Inventions, who paraphrased it for their �Best Ideas � A compendium of social innovations� listing.
    The purpose of this evaluation tool is to help both amateur and professional observers, including current or would-be members, of various organizations (including religious, occult, psychological or political groups) to determine just how dangerous a given group is liable to be, in comparison with other groups, to the physical and mental health of its members and of other people subject to its influence. It cannot speak to the �spiritual dangers,� if any, that might be involved, for the simple reason that one person�s path to enlightenment or �salvation� is often viewed by another as a path to ignorance or �damnation.�
    As a general rule, the higher the numerical total scored by a given group (the further to the right of the scale), the more dangerous it is likely to be. Though it is obvious that many of the scales in the frame are subjective, it is still possible to make practical judgments using it, at least of the �is this group more dangerous than that one?� sort. This is if all numerical assignments are based on accurate and unbiased observation of actual behavior by the groups and their top levels of leadership (as distinct from official pronouncements). This means that you need to pay attention to what the secondary and tertiary leaders are saying and doing, as much (or more so) than the central leadership � after all, �plausible deniability� is not a recent historical invention.
    This tool can be used by parents, reporters, law enforcement agents, social scientists and others interested in evaluating the actual dangers presented by a given group or movement. Obviously, different observers will achieve differing degrees of precision, depending upon the sophistication of their numerical assignments on each scale. However, if the same observers use the same methods of scoring and weighting each scale, their comparisons of relative danger or harmlessness between groups will be reasonably valid, at least for their own purposes. People who cannot, on the other hand, view competing belief systems as ever having possible spiritual value to anyone, will find the ABCDEF annoyingly useless for promoting their theological agendas. Worse, these members of the Religious Reich and their fellow theocrats will find that their own organizations (and quite a few large mainstream churches) are far more �cult-like� than many of the minority belief systems they so bitterly oppose.
    It should be pointed out that the ABCDEF is founded upon both modern psychological theories about mental health and personal growth, and my many years of participant observation and historical research into minority belief systems. Those who believe that relativism and anarchy are as dangerous to mental health as absolutism and authoritarianism, could (I suppose) count groups with total scores nearing either extreme (high or low) as being equally hazardous. As far as dangers to physical well-being are concerned, however, both historical records and current events clearly indicate the direction in which the greatest threats lie. This is especially so since the low-scoring groups usually seem to have survival and growth rates so small that they seldom develop the abilities to commit large scale atrocities even had they the philosophical or political inclinations to do so.
    Poisonous Plants and Other Toxic Agents
    The following list is composed of those agents known to be deadly.
    Abrus              Aconite/Monkshood     Aconite, Carmichael's   Adonis                  Alder Buckthorn                  Ambrosia
    Anemone (all)  Apple, Bitter                Apple, Balsam               Arnica                  Arrowwood                          Arum
    Asarabacca     Ash, Mountain              Asthma Weed               Baneberry, Red     Baneberry, White                Bearded Darnel
    Belladonna      Belladonna, Japanese   Birthwort                     Birthwort, Frail    Bittersweet, American          Black Cohosh
    Blackroot        Bloodroot                     Blue Flag                     Bog Rosemary        Bonduc Nut                          Borax
    Boxthorn         Boxwood                      Broom, Scotch             Broom, Spanish      Bryony                                Bryony, White
    Buttercup        Butterfly Bush              Butterfly Weed           Cabbage, Skunk    Calabar Bean                       Camphor 
    Casca Bark      Castor Bean                  Centipede                    Columbine             Foxglove                             Hemlock
    Henbane         Jack-in-the-Pulpit         Lily-of-the-Valley        May Apple             Melon, Bitter Indochinese    Peony
    Poinsettia        Pokeweed                    Stargrass                     Wormwood
    Dangerous Plants
    The following plants have mild to severe cautions attached to their use.
    Achryanthes Root       Alder Buckthorn         Alexander, Golden       Anemarrhena                     Angelica
    Apricot                      Apricot, Japanese      Arsesmart                    Ashwaganda                      Asparagus
    Avens                        Avens, Water              Bahia Powder               Barberry, Common             Barrenwort
    Bay                            Bayberry                   Bead Tree                    Bearberry                         Bee Pollen
    Beechdrops                Bergamot                   Bethroot                       Bindweed                          Bindweed, Hedge
    Bindweed, Jalap        Birch (all)                  Bishop Flower               Bisnaga                             Black Cherry
    Blackberry Lily          Bladderwrack            Blazing Star                 Bogbean                            Boldo
    Boneset (all)              Borage                       Broom, Dyer's               Broomweed                       Brucea
    Buchu                        Buckwheat                 Bugleweed                    Bupleurum                         Burdock
    Burnut                       Butter-and-Eggs         Butternut                      Cactus, Living Rock           Cajuput
    Calendula                  Canaigre                    Cannabis                       Caraway                           Cardamom, True
    Cascara Sagrada       Cashew                      Cat's Claw                    Cattail                               Cayenne
    Cedar, White             Celandine                  Celery                          Cereus, Night-blooming      Chamomile
    Chervil                      Chicory                      Cinnamon                      Clover, Red                       Cohosh, Blue
    Coltsfoot                   Comfrey                    Crampbark                    Echinacea                         Elder
    Ephedra, American     Fennel                      Feverfew                      Figwort                             Fo-ti
    Geranium, Scented     Ginkgo                      Ginseng                        Ginseng, Siberian              Goldenseal
    Hops                          Horseradish              Juniper                        Licorice                            Linden
    Lobelia                      Mugwort                   Mullein                         Nettle, Stinging                 Parsley
    Poplar, Balsam            Poppy                       St Johnswort               Sassafras                         Sorrel
    Stoneroot                  Tansy                       Thistle, Blessed            Walnut, Black                   Willow (all)
    Wintergreen               Yarrow
    Plants to avoid if Pregnant
    Achryanthes Root       Alstonia Bark            Ambrosia               Angelica         Barberry, Common
    Bearberry                  Blackberry Lily         Bladderwrack        Bugleweed     Burdock
    Burnut                       Butter-and-Eggs        Butternut               Cajuput          Calendula
    Calamint                    Calamint, Lesser        Cattail                   Celandine       Chamomile
    Cinnamon                   Clover, Red               Cohosh, Blue          Coltsfoot        Cumin
    Fennel                       Ginger, Wild             Goldenseal             Parsley          Pennyroyal
    Sage (all)                  Tansy                        Yarrow
    Cleansing Your Ritual Tools
    You have purchased or received new tools and wish to cleanse them; this is not a complicated process but does take a little bit of common sense.
    Cleansing of your Wiccan ritual tools should be done before using or wearing the object.
    Especially if that object has heavy, dark or hot energy. People often find this happening with crystals, as they can pick up and store vibrations of other people who have held them. When clear, they may feel cool, tingly, bright, or positive.
    A cleansed tool will feel more powerful than a contaminated one. There are many different ways to cleans tools, but you may have to do a little research before you use some of them, or stay with a safe bet for all of your tools.
    • Water - Crystals and other stones may be damaged by hot water. Always use cool water. Some crystals may be damaged even by cool water. (This is where you should research your crystal to find out if it is water soluble.) Leather may harden in water. Fabric may run, fade, or shrink - especially in hot.
    • Sunlight - Gem stones, crystals, and other items may also be damaged - faded, melted, or broken by the heat. (Rose Quartz, is an example of a crystal that does not like the sun, research!)
    • Salt - Opals, metal, leather, and fabric can be damaged by salt, either dry or in water.
    • Smudging or Flame - Stones may be damaged by heat. Other items, like cloth and plant material, may be flammable - use extreme care.
    • Moon Bath - One of the simplest ways to cleanse Wiccan tools is to bathe them in Moonlight. This will not only cleanse them, but recharge them as well.
      I have my students place their tools on a table, windowsill, hang them tree any way they can to get them into the moon light during the day before the full moon, the day of and the day after the full moon.
      If you need a heavy cleaning leave your tools for one full cycle of the Moon. Full to Full, or Dark to Dark ... whichever feels right to you. This is your sure bet; so long as, your tools are protected in the house, and covered during the day so sunlight will not touch them.
    • Herb Baths - You can bury your Wiccan tools in herbs for cleansing. Particularly effective are rose petals, sage, and mint. This is a lovely way to clean sacred objects, but it can take a while… you will have to keep checking them to see how they feel.
    • Sea Salt - A faster method is a sea salt bath. You can bury your Wiccan tools in dry sea salt, or a salt-water bath.
      Washing it in the Ocean would be wonderful if you live near the ocean. If it feels like it needs a very deep cleansing, you can leave it in the salt water for a period of time – put the container of salt water with your tool in it in the Moonlight, for a double blast.
    • Earth Cleansing - You can bury certain items in Earth for cleansing - stones and crystals work well this way, but not athames or clothing (Common sense). This will do a very deep cleansing.
      Simply bury them; pointing downward, into Earth outdoors, between the roots of a tree is ideal. If you can't manage that, bury them with a potted plant… be careful not to hurt the plant.
    • Smudging - Another sure bet is smudging, You can use any of the holy smudges you want, but the most commonly used are sweetgrass, cedar and sage. Pass the ritual tools through the smoke a few times. You don’t have to do more than that for them to be cleansed. This is a great method for healing tools, especially stones and crystals.
    • Bathing in Light - Similar to smudging, you can pass ritual tools through (or above) the flame of your Goddess candle.
      The Light will purify and remove any negative energy. (Remember some things are flammable and you don’t want to get burned either.)
    • Running Water - Holding your ritual tools under cold running water can cleanse them, but this is usually unadvisable except for stones.
      In which case, if they are pointed, make sure the points face downward with the flow of water, so the negative energy flows out and away.
      You can do this with tap water as a last resort, but living water is much better… such as a stream, brook, creek , or river.
    • Cleansing Breath - After coming to a place of meditation you can blow into your ritual tools, with the intention of being a conduit for Divine Energy.
      Blow the negativity away, and blow positivity in - envisioning this as whatever color light is Divine to you, replacing any shadows in the object.
    Horoscope - Current Moon Phase